Sleep Versus Fatigue
“Katherine Johnson arrived at the office early, went home in the late afternoon to check on her daughters, and then came back in the evening, maintaining a schedule of fourteen or sixteen hour days…One morning on the way to work, Katherine literally fell asleep at the wheel, waken up shaken but unhurt by the side of the road. She was so absorbed with the problem of keeping the astronauts safe on their round trip to the moon that she was making herself to the most vulnerable to the most mundane kind of risk.” Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race, Margot Lee Shetterly
The most mundane kind of risk for a mathematician working at NASA in the 1960s is the same risk every human faces every 24 hours – the fight between sleep and fatigue. Katherine maintained a work schedule of 14 to 16 hours over many days and fatigue won the battle. She fell asleep at the wheel. Has that ever happened to you?
What is your vulnerability to losing the battle when you are fighting fatigue? The correct answer is that every one of us will lose the battle to fatigue. There is a fight between two forces: things that produce fatigue and things that reverse fatigue. If you are familiar with the FAID® fatigue modeling software, its algorithm includes forces that produces fatigue: duration of work and breaks, time of day of work and breaks, work history from the past seven days, and biological limits on recovery sleep.
The longer the work period, the more fatigued we become. Working at night produces more fatigue than working in the daytime. Beginning a day work period in the middle of the night produces more fatigue than beginning at 0800. Working a long number of consecutive days or nights produces more fatigue than working three or four periods and then having days off. Generally people sleep better at night and therefore receive better recovery from fatigue.
We know that the most effective force that reverses fatigue is sleep. Our problem is that we make poor choices and do not sleep even when we have opportunities. We may have sleep disorders that affect both the quantity and quality of sleep we receive. The best, first step each of us can take is to acknowledge our human limitations and recognize that we will not win the fight with fatigue that occurs about every 16 hours unless we sleep about eight hours of 24. Do not let fatigue knock you out.
By the way, the movie “Hidden Figures” is an excellent portrayal of workplace issues in the 1960s and the relationships among a diverse population.
One type of sleep disorder is obstructive sleep apnea. I picked up a brochure at the dentist’s office that contained the “STOP-BANG” test that can be used to find out if you are at risk for sleep apnea.
Snore: Have you been told that you snore?
Tired: Are you often tired during the day?
Obstruction: Do you know if you stop breathing or has anyone witnessed you stop breathing while you are asleep?
Pressure: Do you have high blood pressure or take medication to control high blood pressure?
If you answer YES to two or more of these questions, you are at risk and should consult your doctor.
BMI: Is your body mass index greater than 28?
Age: Are you 50 years old or older?
Neck: Are you a male with a neck circumference greater than 17 inches, or a female with a neck circumference greater than 16 inches?
Gender: Are you a male?
The more questions you answer YES to on the B.A.N.G. portion, the greater the risk of having moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea.